The creator of this therapy is A.M. Sheliakin with I.G. Preobrazhenskaya from the Prof. O.V. Bogdanov Institute of Medical Rehabilitation (St Petersburg, Russia). It is transcranial direct current brain stimulation (tDCS).It is a completely safe, non-invasive, and painless method performed with surface electrodes, which are placed on the patient’s head. A galvanic current of 1-2 mA and constant direction is used, with the aim of neuromodulating the cortical centres so that a fixed cyclic repetition of excitation occurs. This therapy has its uses in the neurorehabilitation of patients with both brain damage and various neurological dysfunctions. The method is currently being researched at, among others, the Universita di Milano (Italy), the University of Gottigen, the University of Luebech (Germany), the Harvard Center for Non-invasive Brain Stimulation, Boston (USA), and the Institute of the Human Brain, St. Petersburg (Russia).

Brain micropolarisation arrived in Poland in 2003 and is rapidly becoming more and more popular.

This therapy is common in Western European countries such as France, Germany, England, Italy and also the USA. In Norway, the therapy is provided as part of a government programme which greatly facilitates patients’ treatment. Micropolarisation can be applied to the prefrontal, visual, somatosensory and motor cortex, so it affects motor, cognitive and perceptual functions and also enables and significantly speeds up the effective rehabilitation of neurological patients. Constant current stimulation has a positive effect on modulating the function of disturbed neural circuits, paving the way for a natural cascade of self-repair processes. Hence, the phenomenon of compensatory neuroplasticity is activated and promotes motor, affective and cognitive training, including memory training, speech therapy, as well as perceptual and attentional concepts. Nthe best effect is achieved by combining transcranial micropolarisation with neurorehabilitation. Passive electrically induced modulation both accelerates and facilitates maximum effect after therapeutic training. Based on research, Prof. Alexei M. Shelyakin found that , “the effectiveness of treatment with brain micropolarisation is on average 44% higher than with traditional metod‼️

Indications for tDCS micropolarisation include:

  • dystonia,
  • aphasia,
  • strokes,
  • chronic pain,
  • cranio-cerebral strokes with neurological deficits,
  • cerebral palsy,
  • autism,
  • ADHD,
  • memory dysfunctions,
  • drug-resistant epilepsy,
  • tinnitus,
  • addictions, depression,
  • certain psychiatric disorders,
  • degenerative brain diseases (Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease) with emotional-personality and cognitive disorders,
  • tiki,
  • school difficulties,
  • delayed speech development,
  • delayed psychomotor development,
  • psychosomatic and psycho-emotional disorders.

Contraindications include: pregnancy, foreign bodies (metal clips, implants). The only complication after the procedure is reddening of the skin at the site of electrode application, but this passes within a few minutes after the procedure.

The use of tDCS in patients with speech therapy disorders resulted in the appearance of new sounds and words, there was improvement or understanding of directed speech. It was both clear and meaningful.The combination of micropolarisation with speech therapy accelerated the improvement of speech disorders by up to 2-3 krotnie‼️.

In patients with movement disorders, the therapy has resulted:

  • normalisation of muscle tone,
  • increase the number of movements,
  • reducing the expressiveness of both pathological postural reflexes and hyperkinesis,
  • a reduction in the expressiveness of faulty positions (bending position of the arms, flexion or crossing of the legs),
  • the acquisition of new correct habits of movement, i.e. efficient hands, crawling, sitting, standing or even walking.

To sign up for micropolarisation therapies in Bydgoszcz or Mały Gacno, please contact us:

Bydgoszcz – +48 603 555 176 
Małe Gacno – +48 603 555 076

Also very important is the improvement in the patient’s mood, reduction of fear, aggressiveness, normalisation of mental function and sleep, increased motivation for treatment, appeared communicativeness, interest in the environment, a marked improvement in learning ability. Micropolarisation also improves visual acuity by 2-3 times, widening visual fields by 5-10 degrees, reduces nystagmus and also strabismus angle by 5 degrees. On the basis of numerous studies in patients with neurosensory dulling, a significant reduction in auditory thresholds was observed after this therapy. With micropolarisation treatments, a reduction in seizures from 2-10 times compared to baseline rates was noted, as well as an increase in seizure intervals. In patients in the acute period of brain disease, a rapid resolution of general cerebral symptoms was observed even after 2-3 treatments, while subsequent treatments were followed by stabilisation and reduction of the area of neurological deficit, appearance of movement in the limbs and partial regression of mixed aphasia. After a series of micropolarisation treatments, there was also an improvement in electrophysiological indices of the functional status of the brain and spinal cord. On the electroencephalographic imaging side, there was a reduction in general and focal activity, an increase in the index, normalisation of the amplitude of the regular alpha rhythm and the appearance of previously absent cortical responses to standard functional trials. Complete restoration of autoregulation of cerebral blood flow was noted in patients. On the basis of computed tomography findings in patients with acute focal cerebral palsy, there was no increase in the manifestation of cerebral oedema, stabilisation of the transition zone and also faster healing of the focus of injury. Hence, in some cases, this allowed surgical intervention to be avoided or minimised.

The brain micropolarisation treatment is applied over the following 10-15 days. The therapy requires systematic sessions (daily or every other day to consolidate the post-stimulatory effect). 


Micropolarisation – lecture “Kliczne and physiological aspects of micropolarisation therapy”, A.M. Sheliakin, I.G. Preobrazhenskaya Institute of Medical Rehabilitation named after Prof. O.V. Bogdanov St. Petersburg, Russia